Shobita Parthasarathy studies the governance of emerging science and technology as well as the politics of evidence and expertise in policymaking, in comparative and international perspective. Her early work focused on the politics of genetics, biotechnology, and intellectual property, primarily in the United States and Europe. Findings from her first book, Building Genetic Medicine, helped to inform the 2013 US Supreme Court case over gene patents. Her current research focuses on the politics of innovation in international development, with a focus in India. She seeks to understand the political dimensions of these new kinds of interventions, including sanitary pads and toilets, with a particular interest in how they are transforming distributions of power and responsibility and citizenship.